I have started articles about the “Appointed Times” and promptly pigeonholed them or deleted them. All of them lacked something so, if you are reading this, rest assured I found the ‘something’.
This series of articles will be based upon the “appointed times” mentioned in Leviticus 23 and will be discussed in the order that they appear in scripture. Now, I am sure that you are asking,”Why the title? What does the sabbath have to do with an appointment?” Glad you asked.
MO’EDIM (pronounced moe- ed-eem) H4150 ((Strong’s reference number)*
Lev 23:1 And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying,
Lev 23:2 “Speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl, and say to them, ‘The appointed times of יהוה, which you are to proclaim as set-apart gatherings, My appointed times, are these:
The phrase appointed times comes from the Hebrew word moedim. We see it used in scripture for the first time in the book of Bereshith (Genesis): Gen 1:14 And Elohim said, “Let lights come to be in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs and appointed times, and for days and years,
The word itself is used 223 times in the “Old” Testament(OT), or, Original Writings(OW) in a few different contexts, but primarily it carries the meaning of appointment. In our modern split second synchronous world based upon computing speeds up to 200,000 trillion calculations/second or 200 petaflops/second, the idea of keeping an appointment is more of a science than just a voluntary act. Let’s look at it being a simple voluntary act.
Example: Your doctor tells you that you are suffering from a rare form cancer that is especially virulent but lucky for you a new, radical and simple treatment has been devised that will treat the cancer and has a 100% cure rate. The equipment to treat you is light weight and portable and he will arrange to have it in his office on Tuesday at 11:00 AM. He cautions you to be there early because there is only one device in the whole country to perform this procedure and it is unlikely he can get it again for another year. Because the cancer is so virulent, if you miss the appointment, you could be dead in that period of time. So, what do you do? You show up at the doctor’s office promptly on Wednesday at 3:00PM. Oops.
Of course this is an exaggeration but you get the idea, you missed the appointment, and your life could hang in the balance. Your Creator has given certain times that He wants to meet with you, fellowship with you. He wants you to show up so He can bless (heal) you. And do you? Most people do not. Why not? Because they have been conditioned not to by none other than the Beast of Revelation 13. We will talk more about this later but, before we get into the actual study of the Sabbath I want to bring one more word to your attention.
MIQRA (mik-ra) H4744*
In the KJV this word is translated as “convocation” which is misunderstood. Convocation has a very narrow meaning and it is really limited to the Anglican Church and it is speaking of an assembly of clergy or clerics. This has nothing to do with the subject. Miqra means a rehearsal, like a dress rehearsal for a Broadway play. It also means a reading, which is also a good definition because it also gives the idea of an actor reading for a part in a play.
Let’s put the two together: On an appointed time (appointment) we come together with our Creator and we rehearse our part. What is our part? That will be in another article of this series.
The Appointed Time: Shabbat (Sabbath)
Lev 23:3 ‘Six days work is done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of rest, a set-apart gathering. You do no work, it is a Sabbath to יהוה in all your dwellings.
This is the shortened version of the sabbath. For the full version we must go to Exodus Chapter 20: Exo 20:8 “Remember the Sabbath day, to set it apart.
Exo 20:9 “Six days you labour, and shall do all your work,
Exo 20:10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath of יהוה your Elohim. You do not do any work – you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates.
Exo 20:11 “For in six days יהוה made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore יהוה blessed the Sabbath day and set it apart.
It is actually the longest of the Ten Words (Commandments). Have you ever asked yourself why יהוה (YHVH) would dedicate so many words to just one topic? Maybe, there is a reason. Let’s look at the word for Sabbath.
Shabbat (shah-bot) H7676*
Here is an interesting thing, shabbat means intermission. Here is another term right out of a play, once again. So, where does the word come from? It is derived from the Hebrew sheba’ H7651*, which means seven (7) which is derived from shaba’ H7650* which means to: swear an oath, to repeat something seven times, to seven oneself.
To repeat something seven times? To seven oneself? Yes, this is covenant talk, or speech. It means that you repeat an oath seven times when you enter into a covenant or you cut yourself with a knife seven times and mix your blood with the blood of the individual that you are entering into a covenant with. If you have not figured it out by now, entering into a covenant is a very serious matter, one that results in the death of the one who breaks the covenant.
Let’s try to put this in a more readily understandable form: “At the Appointed Time, the weekly Shabbat, we take an intermission from our busy lives and we rehearse our part by renewing our covenant with our Father.” Keep this definition in mind as we go through this series of articles because it will apply to each sabbath.
((For more information on covenants of various type, including the covenant made with many, please read this article: https://codgerville.wordpress.com/2015/07/12/the-covenant-made-with-many-it-is-not-what-you-were-taught-or-thought/ ))
I know some of you are asking, “What difference does a day make?” and that is a fair question. In order to fully explain the importance let’s start by comparing two polar opposites: Rev 13:15 And there was given to him to give spirit to the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak and cause to be killed as many as would not worship the image of the beast.
Rev 13:16 And he causes all, both small and great, and rich and poor, and free and slave, to be given a mark upon their right hand or upon their foreheads,
I’m sure that all of you recognize the above scripture as coming from Revelation and has an evil connotation. Now, we have all seen movies with kids being born with tattoos on the neck or head, et cetera, et cetera. The scripture above has nothing to do with anything like that and everything to do with the Sabbath.
Now compare this scripture to the one above: Exo 31:13 “And you, speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl, saying, ‘My Sabbaths you are to guard, by all means, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, to know that I, יהוה, am setting you apart.
So, יהוה is telling us that keeping His Sabbaths is a sign between יהוה and His people but, what kind of sign? Let’s find out: Exo 31:16 ‘And the children of Yisra’ĕl shall guard the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations as an everlasting covenant.
Exo 31:17 ‘Between Me and the children of Yisra’ĕl it is a sign forever. For in six days יהוה made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.’ Now we see that it is an everlasting sign that shows we are set-apart or dedicated to יהוה. This definitely sounds like a good sign. So where well this sign be placed? Exo 13:9 “And it shall be as a sign to you on your hand and as a reminder between your eyes, that the Torah of יהוה is to be in your mouth, for with a strong hand יהוה has brought you out of Mitsrayim.
Exo 13:10 “And you shall guard this law at its appointed time from year to year.
Exo 13:16 “And it shall be as a sign on your hand and as frontlets between your eyes, for by strength of hand יהוה brought us out of Mitsrayim.”
Deu 6:6 “And these Words which I am commanding you today shall be in your heart,
Deu 6:7 and you shall impress them upon your children, and shall speak of them when you sit in your house, and when you walk by the way, and when you lie down, and when you rise up,
Deu 6:8 and shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes.
Deu 11:18 ‘And you shall lay up these Words of Mine in your heart and in your being, and shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes.
First, before we go any further, I want to define the misunderstood word “frontlets”. I am sure that many of you have seen pictures, like the one below, of an orthodox Jewish man wearing what looks like a box on their head.
I do not believe that this is the true meaning of the word. Think back four thousand years ago. What did the men wear on the heads? Right!
The head scarf, kufiyah or shemagh (This is Arabic not Hebrew), is held in place by the egal (once again Arabic), or the two black bands. These black bands hold the shemagh against the head so the wind could not blow it off but also functioned like a sweat band. What the scripture is saying the frontlet will hold (or fasten) יהוה s Word to your head. Eph_4:14 That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;
Do you think that the “Beast” just randomly chose to use the same location for a ‘mark’ that יהוה did? NO! If the Beast doesn’t imitate what יהוה does then people won’t follow and worship the Beast. What the Beast, led by Satan, has to do is set up another system that looks like יהוה s system but change the appearance. It is very much like watching the movie Matrix where reality is just a dream. The Beast system is just a ‘construct’ that mirrors יהוה s system so that you actually are doing the opposite of what you should.
The Sabbath is a permanent sign between the Creator and His set-apart people. ((The word for set-apart in scripture is Qadosh/qadesh/qadash H6944* and is usually translated in the KJV as ‘holy’. I prefer “The Scriptures” translation for the simple reason that people have attributed some unattainable quality to the word ‘holy’ when it actually means set apart, apartness, separateness or separate.)) This is described very well by Sha’ul, Paul: Rom 12:2 And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you prove what is that good and well-pleasing and perfect desire of Elohim.
Now the deception must start. Satan must convince everyone that there is nothing special about the Sabbath, that it is just another day. So, he needs to find something that he can use to begin the deception, but remember, it has to be scripture so as to be believed. Then, he finds the perfect one: Rev 1:10 I came to be in the Spirit on the Day of יהוה, and I heard behind me a loud voice, as of a trumpet,
You can almost hear the crafty old devil thinking to himself, “naw, this is reminiscent of the Original Writings so, I need to tweak it a little. I know what, I hate the very of sound of יהוה s Name so I will change it to something that people can’t locate in the Original Writings: Rev 1:10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet, . I bet Satan cackled with satisfaction over this deception. Now, all that he had to do was convince enough people at the Council of Laodicea to believe the lie. And, his plan worked with just one hitch, the council omitted Revelation from the “canon” of the New testament. But, for his plan to work it had to be allowed. It took another thirty years for Revelation to be set as “canon” at the Synod of Hippo.
Because the ‘church’ did not understand the sabbaths and that Yeshua arose from the grave at sunset on the weekly sabbath after Unleavened Bread and that the wave offering of First Fruits would be done at 9:00AM on the day after the weekly sabbath after Unleavened Bread they revered Sunday. This flattered all the worshipers of Mithras, the sun diety, whom Emperor Constantine worshiped his entire life and it sure as heck made Satan happy that the newly formed church would leave its covenant with יהוה and adopt to fall for his trap. He now had the beginnings of a grander deception than he had used to deceive the Jews; following the traditions of men rather than the Word of Elohim. The possibilities were limitless.
Yes, the above is more of a dramatization than textbook history but you get the idea. All the theology that we held near and dear in the ‘Christian’ church was built upon a deception. Jesus had usurped God’s authority and put Him on a back-burner. Even in the King James Version the words of Jesus still ring through but people don’t dwell on them too much: Joh_5:43 “I have come in My Father’s Name and you do not receive Me, if another comes in his own name, him you would receive.
What else did Yeshua say about names: Mat_24:5 “For many shall come in My Name, saying, ‘I am the Messiah,’ and they shall lead many astray.
Mar_13:6 for many shall come in My Name, saying, ‘I am He,’ and they shall lead many astray.
Luk_21:8 And He said, “See that you are not led astray, for many shall come in My Name, saying, ‘I am,’ and, ‘The time is near.’ Then do not go after them.
People use the name of Jesus all the time to deceive people and never think about this prophecy. If anyone had bothered to compare the phrase found in Revelation 1:10 they would have found out why Satan was so anxious to change things: (KJV) Isa 2:12 For the day of the LORD of hosts shall be upon every one that is proud and lofty, and upon every one that is lifted up; and he shall be brought low:
Isa 2:13 And upon all the cedars of Lebanon, that are high and lifted up, and upon all the oaks of Bashan,
Isa 2:14 And upon all the high mountains, and upon all the hills that are lifted up,
Isa 2:15 And upon every high tower, and upon every fenced wall,
Isa 2:16 And upon all the ships of Tarshish, and upon all pleasant pictures.
Isa 2:17 And the loftiness of man shall be bowed down, and the haughtiness of men shall be made low: and the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day.
Isa 2:18 And the idols he shall utterly abolish.
Isa 2:19 And they shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of the earth, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth.
Isa 2:20 In that day a man shall cast his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which they made each one for himself to worship, to the moles and to the bats;
Isa 2:21 To go into the clefts of the rocks, and into the tops of the ragged rocks, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth.
Isa 2:22 Cease ye from man, whose breath is in his nostrils: for wherein is he to be accounted of?
The very same thing that is discussed in great detail in the Revelation of Yeshua and is called, “The Day of יהוה” (Lord). The deception was complete. People no longer called themselves “covenant believers”, Netzarim or “followers of the Way” but rather New Testament Christians. In the 1980’s at my ordination service I brought up Torah and had the full weight and wrath of the lead pastor of the association immediately jump up and say, “We are New Testament Christians and yes, even I like a good sermon on the Ten Commandments once or twice a year.”
Our Father’s Covenant has been discarded for the ‘New Testament’. The only books people will read in the Original Writings are the “really cool” prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, etc.), Job, Psalms Proverbs and maybe Ruth or Esther, for the romance factor.
This is the beginning or our journey through יהוה s Holy Days. Each feast and corresponding Holy Day(s) have a very important and prophetic meaning. By obscuring the Holy Days and feasts Satan managed to hide the prophetic meaning and convince any and everyone that whoever kept the feasts were “Judaizers” and the enemy of Christianity and even became synonymous with heresy itself. By 380AD heresy was legislated against in Catholicism and the others sects followed suit. In the 1500’s Martin Luther’s schism in the church caused new shouts of heresy by the church fathers. Later the Lutheran movement, after seeing the Jews could not be converted to Luther’s new movement, Lutheranism began to declare Jews ‘heretics’ and began to pronounce people keeping the sabbath as “Judaizers”. Soon, there were very few in the “Church” that kept the sabbath, a few, but even then the doctrine of the church had removed the power of יהוה s covenant.
By the time the English speaking peoples began to increase in number across the North American continent Greek based Hermeneutics were the dominant thought for interpreting scripture. With the explosion of Bibles in circulation after the invention of the printing press the deception was complete because now the Name of יהוה was eliminated from His Word: Exo 20:7 “You do not bring the Name of יהוה your Elohim to naught, for יהוה does not leave the one unpunished who brings His Name to naught.
The Name יהוה had been eliminated and even today people think you are some kind of kook if you use it. Because people don’t know their Father’s Name, and they don’t even know His Son’s Name: Pro 30:4 Who has gone up to the heavens and come down? Who has gathered the wind in His fists? Who has bound the waters in a garment? Who established all the ends of the earth? What is His Name, And what is His Son’s Name, If you know it?
There are numerous passages of scripture that tells you Yeshua’s name here are just a few: Exo_15:2 The LORD is my strength and song, and he is become my salvation: he is my God, and I will prepare him an habitation; my father’s God, and I will exalt him.
2Sa_22:3 The God of my rock; in him will I trust: he is my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my saviour; thou savest me from violence.
2Sa_22:47 The LORD liveth; and blessed be my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation.
2Sa_23:5 Although my house be not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure: for this is all my salvation, and all my desire, although he make it not to grow.
Job_13:16 He also shall be my salvation: for an hypocrite shall not come before him.
Psa_18:2 The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower.
What? You don’t see Yeshua’s name above. Look closely at the phrase “my salvation” and let’s break it down: H3444* – ישׁוּעה – yeshû‛âh – BDB Definition: 1) salvation, deliverance. Do you see it now? Do you see why scripture records: Act_4:12 “And there is no deliverance in anyone else, for there is no other Name under the heaven given among men by which we need to be saved.”
I know that I covered a lot of different topics but this is the foundation. You have to understand the relationship of His appointed times, the sabbaths and Yeshua. Hopefully, I have laid that foundation.
Num 6:22 And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying,
Num 6:23 “Speak to Aharon and his sons, saying, ‘This is how you bless the children of Yisra’ĕl. Say to them:
Num 6:24 “יהוה bless you and guard you;
Num 6:25 יהוה make His face shine upon you, and show favour to you;
Num 6:26 יהוה lift up His face upon you, and give you peace.” ’ Footnote: Verses 24 to 26 is the Priestly Blessing.
Num 6:27 “Thus they shall put My Name on the children of Yisra’ĕl, and I Myself shall bless them.”
((Please Note: the * in the sentences above are used to identify words taken from the STRONG’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible word referencing system. The initials BDB indicate the definition came from the Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon. These resources are invaluable for beginning your study of the Scripture.))